makes much use of the group, especially in Wisdom writings. The use is similar to that in the Greek world except that understanding is native only to God and hence is a gift for which one must pray (1Ki. 3:9 = So give Thy servant an understanding heart to judge Thy people to discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Thine?”; Ps 119:34). Practical judgment rather than theoretical understanding is the main concern, its organ is the heart (Isa 6:9-10 = “And He said, “Go, and tell this people: ‘Keep on listening, but do not perceive; Keep on looking, but do not understand.’ “Render the hearts of this people insensitive, Their ears dull, And their eyes dim, Lest they see with their eyes, Hear with their ears, Understand with their hearts, And return and be healed.”), and its objects are God’s works (Ps 28:5), fear (Pr 2:5), righteousness (Pr 2:9), will (Ps. 111:10), and wisdom (Pr 2:1ff.). Earlier the appeal for understanding is motivated by a reference to God’s will, later by a reference to the law.